Colorado is home to several species of falcons, both migratory and resident. Here are some of the falcon species that can be found in Colorado:

  • Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus): Peregrine Falcons are found in Colorado and can be observed in various habitats, including urban areas, cliffs, and open landscapes. They are known for their remarkable speed and are often seen hunting other birds in mid-air.

Peregrine Falcon

  • American Kestrel (Falco sparverius): The American Kestrel is the smallest falcon in North America. It is a common resident throughout Colorado and can be found in various habitats, including open fields and grasslands, and perched on telephone wires.

American Kestrel

  • Merlin (Falco columbarius): Merlins are medium-sized falcons found in Colorado, particularly during migration. They are often seen in open country and are known for their fast and agile flight.


  • Prairie Falcon (Falco mexicanus): Prairie Falcons are residents of Colorado and can be found in the state’s open landscapes, including prairies and canyons. They are known for their adaptability to various habitats.

Prairie Falcon

  • Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis): While not a falcon, the Red-tailed Hawk is a common and easily recognizable raptor in Colorado. It is included here because it is often mistaken for a falcon due to its similar appearance, especially when soaring in the sky.

Red-tailed Hawk

When observing or identifying falcons in Colorado, it’s essential to consider factors such as size, plumage, and habitat. Birdwatching can be an enjoyable and educational activity, but respecting these birds’ natural behavior and habitats is vital. If you’re interested in birdwatching or learning more about the falcons in your area, consider connecting with local birdwatching groups or nature organizations that can provide additional insights and resources.